The Schenkl is one of the most easily recognized Civil War era projectiles due to its unique shape.
A cylindrical PapierMaché sabot was wrapped around the tapered cone base. When fired the sabot was forced forward and was expanded into the rifling by the cone. There are vertical raised ribs on the tapered cone to insure rotary motion was imparted to the projectile.
The paper sabot disintegrated as the shell left the muzzle which made this type safer than metal sabot types when firing over the heads of friendly troops, as there was no danger of injuries from separated sabot fragments. On the negative side, the PapierMaché was very sensitive to moisture. Too damp and the sabot would swell, interfering with loading. Too dry and the paper would crumble before it performed its function, often causing the shell to tumble as it left the gun.
This is the "common shell", with a bursting charge cavity that does not contain case-shot material. Case-shot versions, containing shrapnel, are identified by a more rounded nose profile.
The brass percussion fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL PAT. OCT. 16, 1861."
U.S. 2.96" Diameter 9" Length 8.4 Lbs Weight Disarmed
Excavated near Battle of Brandy Station in Culpeper, VA. $400.00
2.5 " Hotchkiss Shell
Excavated Rappahannock Station (Remington) VA.
RARE! 2.5 inch "Baby Hotchkiss" shell with West Point Style fuse. Missing lead sabbot.
Excavated Remington (Rappahannock Station) VA. $350.00 (defused)
RARE! Hotchkiss shell without flame grooves percussion fuze 2.6in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern without flame grooves, pointed nose "common" (standard), lead band sabot, Hotchkiss iron percussion "West Point" style fuze, Wiard 6 pounder rifle, 2.6in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, filled with balls, or as "common", without balls. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. The nose section is pointed, containing an open cavity for the explosive charge only, without a separator bolt. Shell does not have flame grooves, these were not needed when a percussion fuze was used. Fuze employed was an iron Hotchkiss percussion fuze, "West Point style" which means anvil and slider operated independently and was intended to detonate after striking the enemy cannon or equipment, Jones pg. 92 . Hotchkiss patent date was cast (not stamped) into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855", and is typically weak. Projectile measures: diameter 2.5in., length 6in. (excluding fuze). weight 5lbs. (Exert taken from the archives of Harry Ridgeway)
Excavated fired but intact Remington (Rappahannock Station) VA. $550.00 (defused)
All excavated Remington (Rappahannock Station) VA.
U.S. Schenkl Case Shot Shell with remnants of Combination Fuse
2.96' Diameter 9" Length 9.4 Lbs. Weight Disarmed
Excavated near Battle of Kelly's Ford $275.00
ULTRA RARE! 2.5 inch "Baby Hotchkiss" shell SOLID BOLT. Missing lead sabbot and cup
Excavated Remington (Rappahannock Station) VA. $400.00